Mariana Pineda (1925) was Lorca's first success in the theatre. Based on a popular Andalusian ballad, it tells the story of Mariana Pineda who was garrotted in 1831 under the reactionary regime of Ferdinand VII for embroidering a Liberal flag and refusing to betray her lover. Written during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera, the political message would not have escaped Lorca's audience. But the play is primarily the work of a poet and its appeal lies in the delicate tension that results from a deft blend of lyricism and drama which culminates in an astonishing level of spirituality in the final scenes when Mariana awaits her execution in a prison-convent. The characteristic themes of Lorca's tragedies - love, frustration, fate, freedom, death and womanhood - flourish within the play's appropriate and exquisite romantic mood. Spanish text with facing-page translation, introduction and commentary.
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